Grade Six Religion draws up a blueprint for a life of love. The law of God, particularly the Ten Commandments, draws us into that life of love. The heart of our life of love is Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament, as He comes to us in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. This year of study relates to the student a plan of action that begins with the understanding of the challenges that God's law places before us. It ends with the understanding that Our Heavenly Father will not leave us without the strengthening gift of His grace, enabling us to meet all challenges.
The material from Baltimore Catechism #2 will overlap in many places with that of the Faith and Life Series. You may choose to follow the framework of the Baltimore Catechism rather than that of the Faith and Life Series, which is followed in this outline, but you should choose one and only use the other for supplementary material. The sections listed from the St. Joseph Baltimore Catechism #2 are repeated in other years. Repetition is essential for mastery, so it would be best to cover this material in all years. If time constraints prevent doing so, however, this material can be set-aside for later years.
There are suggested topics for reports for each quarter that can be used if you choose. There are many wonderful activities at www.catecheticalresources.com that can be used in conjunction with the lessons in this book.
Grade Six Reading brings the student to literature in a deeper, more rigorous fashion than previous reading courses. Classic poems and fragments of larger works are included in the National Catholic Reader. The course is comprised of two parts: the Catholic National Reader and outside reading. Between these, the student will be introduced to the world as seen in literature and in the minds of others.
The Catholic National Reader (CNR), Book Six is the primary reader for this level. The Catholic National Reader is quite challenging; it is not unusual for a student to be reading the book that is a year below his grade level. Consequently, we have selected a limited number of passages to be covered. Encourage the student to read even the ones that are not assigned as evening reading for pleasure.
Grade Six Phonics continues to help the student grow more sophisticated in his use in the skills developed from the previous phonics courses. Study of vowel digraphs, diphthongs, prefixes, roots, compound words, syllabication, and suffixes expand the student's ability to read, write and speak with expanded phonics skills.
Phonics Level F is quite self-explanatory and the child should be able to complete most of the work with very little help. The course has been shown as a daily subject, but you may condense it into a two-day or even a one-day a week subject as long as the student is doing well and understanding the material. The last three pages of the workbook contain Definitions, General Rules, and Syllabication Rules that can be very helpful in all areas of the language arts. Much in the word study book reinforces what the student learns in English and Spelling. Because children sometimes forget, this is a good thing.
Sixth Grade English is designed to teach students to speak and write correctly and effectively. It will also emphasize, secondarily, training in the social graces, which are necessary for effective communication.
This course plan concentrates on Part Two of the Voyages in English book, which is Grammar. The teaching of English should be cumulative. In Grade Six the student will review what he learned in previous grades and build on it. Everything learned in English should be applied and reinforced in the student's reading, composition, spelling, and vocabulary. A dictionary is recommended for use in this course. The student should diagram sentences in exercises as he proceeds through the work. There are many exercises in the back of the book following the Index that can be used if time permits for reinforcement. The daily work should include memorization of fundamental rules of grammar.
Note that Part One of Voyages in English, which is Composition, is not used in this course. Composition is studied in Kolbe Academy 's Vocabulary and Composition course using Sadlier-Oxford Composition Workshop series.
Grade Six Vocabulary develops the student's capacity to pronounce, spell, use, look up in the dictionary, understand, and remember the definitions of words, their diacritical marks, and syllabication. It also develops the student's ability to work with synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, homographs, prefixes, suffixes, roots, denotation, connotation, literal usage, figurative usage, and analogies.
Grade Six Composition will aid the student in developing composition skills, which are so necessary for further education. These skills include developing thoughts in a logical manner, both for speaking and writing; writing narrative, informative, descriptive, and persuasive paragraphs and essays; and writing for different purposes, such as a newspaper, letters, a research report, and about literature. Many of these skills can be applied in Kolbe Academy 's Literature program both in written assignments and book reports. Overall, this course should dovetail with the literature course in assignment of written work.
Classical Composition instructs the novice writer as though he or she were an apprentice to the great master writers. Instruction is based on imitation. Beginning by making the student aware of the structure of sound writing, and proceeding by giving the student the tools to imitate it, the course ends by equipping the student to design his own sound writing. The course begins by acquainting the student with models from which he can gain a sound grasp of structure. Then sentence and word variation, figures of description, rhetorical devices, and stylistic considerations are introduced slowly – all in service of the message to be communicated. At the end of the full course a student should emerge as a writer who can ascertain the purpose of any given writing task and employ the best means of completing the task to communicate the message.
Students gain the ability to create a story through the use of the narrative categories and variation through paraphrase. Students learn to demonstrate the truth of the Commonplace through what the ancient Greek writer Aphthonius calls "eight heads of development," and students deal more explicitly and thoroughly with what in modern composition theory are referred to as "support points." The ability to invent four specific types of narrative through these "heads of development" and to paraphrase in two specific ways are the foundational skills to be learned in this stage.
Classical Composition Vol. III: Chreia/Maxim Stage Teacher Manual and the corresponding Student Workbook are the primary texts for this course. The child should write every school day, utilizing Fridays for writing instruction or practice, if the parent wishes to stay with the schedule as written. Parents are free to double-up on lessons depending on the rate at which their children absorb the lesson and according to the schedule they have established for their home school. The final week of every quarter is written to double-up on the lessons in order to finish out the course in the traditional thirty-six (36) weeks. Quarterly exams have also been supplied to be used as the parent decides. The lessons are set forth on a 10 day cycle by the publisher, but as Kolbe parents you may adapt the pace and coverage to your own schedules.
Sixth Grade History begins with geography and world history. All Ye Lands covers geography, world history and culture up through the Middle Ages, as well as developments in China, Japan, Russia, Europe, Africa and the Americas up to the mid 1800's.
The flow of history in this course will be drawn from the beginnings of history through to the foundations of the American drama. It begins with dissatisfied Englishmen, a new government, the success of the new plan of government, the Jeffersonian Era, Westward expansion, and finishing with America's way of life in education, literature and art and innovations.
Apply the geography lessons to the world around the child: The World in Spatial Terms, Places and Regions, Physical Systems, Human Systems, Environment and Society, The Uses of Geography.
Topics covered in sixth grade: Elements on a Map, Parallels and Meridians, The Four Hemispheres, Map Grid and Index, Map Coordinates, Robinson Projection Map, Mercator Projection Map, Polar Projection: the Arctic Region, Picturing North America, Picturing the World, Road Map: Wyoming, Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Physical Map: North America, Physical Map: South America, Physical Map: Australia, Mountains Ranges of the World, Deserts of the World, Rivers of the World, Regions of the United States, The Middle East Region, A National Symbol: Washington, D.C., National Parks of Utah, Climate Zones of the United States, The Sahara Desert, World's Ten Most Populous Countries, Cultural Map: National Basketball Association, Leading Rice-Producing Countries, Boroughs of New York City, Time Zones of the United States, Land Use Map: The North-Central Region, Tourist Map: Missouri, Resource Map: Mexico's Minerals, History Map: Ancient Greece, A City Plan
Grade Six Mathematics moves the student from arithmetic to foundational treatments of "geometry, measurement, algebra, number, and scale and graph reading." Word problems are also included. Topics include linear measure, perimeter, area, and volume, averages, factors, fractions and decimals, prime factorization, exponents, ratios, angles, and unit conversion.
* Harcourt Science 6th Grade is used in both 5th and 6th grade
Sixth Grade Science is the continuation of an intermediate introduction to the life, earth, and physical sciences. The most important part of teaching science is helping the student see the wonders of God's world, and making him unafraid of the subject when he pursues in-depth science in later years. Children learn more from doing the experiments and investigations along with the reading of the textbook.
The Harcourt Science series has several online learning tools available to anyone who purchases the textbook. The first is provided by the publisher. There are several supplementary activities for the student and teacher on this website. Another website is provided by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA). This website allows you to select the topic you are studying in the book, and will take you to a page of selected website links that can help you to enhance and further develop the topics that your child is studying. The online resources are a wonderful addition to the activities provided within the text alone.
Topics in this course include Life Science: Types of plants and plant growth, invertebrates and vertebrates; Earth Science: The Earth's crust, rock cycles, cycles in the Solar System, and an exploration of the universe; Physical Science: Forces and machines.
This course covers topics in life science at a middle school level, including: cells and living organisms, animals and plants, heredity and classification, and the environment. There are several website resources that correspond with the Holt Science and Technology series.
The science of life may occasionally present the student with some of the bioethical issues that exist in today's world. It is the role of the parent to discuss these issues with the student and instruct the student in Church Teaching. We have done our best to point out these controversial issues and to provide guidance on how to address them. For example, the topic of evolution is discussed in 3rd quarter and notes on Church teaching has been included in the course plan where appropriate. These notes should be used as points of discussion between the student and parent and to bring in the Church's important teaching on moral and bioethical issues.
In general, this course is meant to be a survey of several topics in a Life Science course. As such, it does not have the necessary depth for a high school level Life Science course. High school credit, therefore, is not available for this middle school Life Science course. This course prepares students well for high school biology. In general, this course should be completed at some point during the middle school years whether that be in 6th, 7th, or even 8th grade. No particular math skills are needed for successfully completion of this course.
Seventh Grade Science covers topics in geology: minerals, resources, fossils, earthquakes, and volcanoes; hydrology: water flow, erosion, deposition; oceanography: ocean structure, life, and movement; meteorology: atmosphere, storms, forecasting, and climate; and astronomy: stars, galaxies, the Universe, formation of the solar system, and the planets . There are several website resources that correspond with the Holt Science and Technology series, providing extra activities for students who are interested in the subjects being covered.
The topics in the field of Earth Science sometimes present students and parents with controversial issues, including the origin of life on earth, formation of the universe (cosmology), and other issues. It is up to the parents as first teachers of their children to discuss these issues with their students and instruct the students in Church teaching. We have done our best to point out these controversial issues and to provide guidance on how to address them. For example, the topic of the Big Bang is studied in Quarter 4, Week 4, but Church teaching on this issue is addressed within the course plan.
Second Form Latin reviews everything in First Form Latin and builds on the knowledge gained from the First Form in order to introduce the student/s to the complete verb paradigms. This course is designed to be used by parents and students who have mastered the First From course. Second Form Latin employs the "grammar-first" approach to language acquisition, and this means that students will need to commit to extensive memorization. However, we will take things slowly so that the Latin grammar becomes embedded in the long-term memory of the student. The grammar stage will typically take three years (First, Second, and Third Forms). Therefore, it is imperative that the student/s thoroughly grasp each lesson before moving on to the next.