Eighth Grade Religion introduces the student to ecclesiology, the study of the Church, covering the origin and nature, and teaching and governing authority of the Church. It looks at the sacraments, Mary, the saints, and our separated brethren. The course addresses the work of the Christian in the world, through virtue, the works of mercy, vocations (single, religious, and married), and the law, conscience, and social order. It also looks at the four last things, of death, judgment, heaven, and hell. The course is written to help the student to desire to imitate the saints of the Church.
Grade Eight Bible History covers the last part of the Old Testament about how God's chosen people were led into captivity and their kingdom was destroyed; It leads into the New Testament and the fulfillment of God's promise to His chosen people.
The text presents an important aspect for one who is going to be educated with a classical curriculum because it shows how God used all cultures and peoples to bring about the Redemption of mankind through His Son, Jesus Christ.
This is a TWO year course. The first half of the book is presented in seventh grade and the second half in eighth grade. It can be used in conjunction with the Religion course and done easily in one or two days a week. If the student has not read the first part of the book in seventh grade, it is recommended that it be read before following the course plan for the eighth grade. It would not be necessary to do the written work attached, but it would be beneficial to have the background for what will be covered this year.
Grade Eight English is designed to teach students to speak and write correctly and effectively in the English language. Students should progress, at this level, to an understanding of English grammar that should suffice for a lifetime of general usage with some amount of study of more complex construction. The class will also emphasize, secondarily, training in the social graces, which are necessary for successful communication.
The lesson plan concentrates on Part Two of the book, which is Grammar. Everything learned in English should be applied and reinforced in the student's reading, composition, spelling, and vocabulary. A dictionary is recommended for use in English. The daily work should include memorization of fundamental rules of grammar. The student should diagram sentences in exercises as he proceeds through the work. There are many exercises in the back of the book following the Index that can be used if time permits. The best way to teach English is by example and reinforcement of correct usage in the spoken and written word.
Note that Part One of Lepanto Grammar 8, which is Composition, is not used in this course. Composition is studied in Kolbe Academy 's Vocabulary and Composition course using Sadlier-Oxford Composition Workshop series.
Eighth Grade Composition uses Sadlier Writing Workshop, Level C to aid the student in developing composition skills, which are so necessary for further education. These skills include developing thoughts in a logical manner, both for speaking and writing; writing narrative, informative, descriptive, and persuasive paragraphs and essays; test taking; and writing for different purposes, such as a newspaper, letters, a research report, and about literature. Grade Eight Vocabulary uses Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Workshop to encourage the student to use the new vocabulary words in speech and written work. It also develops the student's ability to work with synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, homographs, prefixes, suffixes, roots, denotation, connotation, literal usage, figurative usage, and analogies. The best way to teach Vocabulary and Composition is by example and reinforcement of correct usage in the spoken and written word.
This set of exercises, Common Topic, is more difficult to categorize by modern composition theory, but would likely fall under the descriptive essay. The students are learning how to amplify evil attributes. They will use all of the previous skills learned in the exercises - narrative, expository, and argumentative - but must now apply those skills in a more creative and natural way than the previous stages. The Common Topic exercises look more like an "essay."
Eighth Grade History looks at the United States and its place among other nations. It begins with a look at American business, labor, and farming. It then leads the student through World War I and World War II, ending with the preservation of American heritage and democracy. Before going through the text of a chapter, check out the activities, etc. at the end of the chapter and the end of the unit.
This volume presents the history of the modern era in story form, giving proper emphasis to dates, central characters, and key concepts in each era. End of chapter reviews and other material highlight dates and events, characters in history, and definitions of key terms. The central consideration of this volume is how modern ideas, institutions, and culture have developed from the high centuries of Christian culture. Drawing on the guidance of Catholic thinkers and the popes (particularly Leo XIII, Pius XI, Pius XII, John Paul II, and Benedict XVI), this history presents the hope that Christian thought and work hold for the future.
Eighth Grade History seeks to provide familiarity with the historical context of the settlement of the Americas. This course will help the student to obtain a broad Catholic understanding of the anthropological history of the Americas up until the last decade. It begins with the explorations of Columbus, Cortes, and Magellan, proceeds to the arrival of the English in the American colonies and the American Revolution, the influence of missionaries, the birth of the American government, the Civil War, through the Depression, World Wars I and II, and concludes with a look at the moral decline of America.
This Eighth Grade Mathematics course is a pre-Algebra course, providing a transition "from the concrete concepts of arithmetic to the abstract concepts of algebra." Students who may have struggled with Saxon Mathematics 8/7 are encouraged to use Saxon Algebra 1/2 prior to moving onto a course in Algebra I. Topics covered include points, lines, and rays, roots, surface area, ratio and proportion, absolute value, parentheses, properties of algebra, exponents and signed numbers, classifying triangles, Roman numerals, probability, the Pythagorean theorem, permutations, and real numbers.
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Students may begin this course after completing any pre-Algebra course, including the Saxon Math 8/7 (with pre-Algebra) course. Students who struggled with Saxon 8/7 are advised to use Saxon Algebra 1/2 prior to beginning an Algebra I course. Upon completion of Saxon's Algebra I, students may either continue with the Saxon program by using Saxon's Algebra 2 book, or may switch into a standard Geometry course using Jacob's Geometry. Please be advised that Saxon does not have a separate Geometry course. The author instead integrates all Geometry concepts throughout the Algebra I, Algebra II, and Advanced Math programs. It is advisable that all college bound students exclusively using the Saxon program complete through Advanced Math in order to cover all the Geometry and Trigonometry concepts that might appear on the PSAT, ACT, and SAT standardized tests.
This course covers the following topics: division by zero, reciprocal and multiplicative inverse, exponents, algebraic phrases, word problems, canceling, ratio, conjunctions, dividing fractions, domain, elimination, closure, probability, algebraic proofs, rational equations functions.
This text can be used after Saxon 8/7 with pre-Algebra if a student has done well in that course. This text will cover: Expression & Equations,Operations with Negative Numbers, Distributing Axioms & Other Properties, Harder Equations, Some Operations w/ Polynomials, Rational & Radical Algebraic Expressions and Inequalities & Functions
Eighth Grade Science studies the fundamental principles of physical science which are so important for the in depth approach to the high school sciences of Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. The main emphasis in this course is on Chemistry and Physics, but the same scientific though processes are applied and used in the high school Biology course as well. This course covers a breadth of material recommended both for eighth grade students interested in honors science coursework in high school.
Topics covered include Chemistry: properties and states of matter, atomic structure, the periodic table, chemical bonds and reactions, and solutions, acids, and bases; Physics: forces and motion, work, power, and machines, energy, mechanical waves and sound, the electromagnetic spectrum and light, optics, electricity, and magnetism.
Ideally, this course should be taken concurrently with Algebra I. However, strong math students will find that a Pre-Algebra course provides most of the necessary math skills needed to complete this course successfully.
Earth Science covers topics in geology: minerals, resources, fossils, earthquakes, and volcanoes; hydrology: water flow, erosion, deposition; oceanography: ocean structure, life, and movement; meteorology: atmosphere, storms, forecasting, and climate; and astronomy: stars, galaxies, the Universe, formation of the solar system, and the planets. There are several website resources that correspond with the Holt Science and Technology series, providing extra activities for students who are interested in the subjects being covered.
The topics in the field of Earth Science sometimes present students and parents with controversial issues, including the origin of life on earth, formation of the universe (cosmology), and other issues. It is up to the parents as first teachers of their children to discuss these issues with their students and instruct the students in Church teaching. We have done our best to point out these controversial issues and to provide guidance on how to address them. For example, the topic of the Big Bang is studied in Quarter 4, Week 4, but Church teaching on this issue is addressed within the course plan.
These four short courses present an exciting middle school course in Life Science which includes the following topics: cells, heredity, classification, microorganisms, fungi, plants, animals, and environmental science. Microorganisms, Fungi, and Plants & (Short Course A) is covered in first quarter, Animals (Short Course B) is covered in second quarter, Cells, Heredity and Classification (Short Course C) is covered in third quarter, and Environmental Science (Short Course E) is covered in fourth quarter. A Kolbe Academy answer key for all four short courses is available which answers any questions as assigned within the scope of our Life Science course plan.
Fourth Form Latin completes the journey of Latin grammar by reviewing all material in First, Second, and Third Form, completing all verb forms for all four conjugations by studying participles, infinitives, gerunds, and much more. Fourth Form continues to employ the identical format of First Form-an attractive, concise Student Text, systematic presentation in five units, extensive Workbook exercises, and a Teacher Manual with everything you need to successfully teach this course. The First Year Henle text is required for some translation practice.
Eighth Grade Greek uses the second half of a book ideally suited for grade school age students. Greek is the language of the New Testament and of translations of the Old Testament that were used by the writers of the New Testament; as such it is an integral part of every Catholic's heritage. Students continue to work to master the Greek alphabet, vocabulary, noun genders, noun cases, and prepositions and cases. The student will also learn key Greek words for Biblical study, and further their knowledge of the English language by seeing how Greek roots and grammar are used in English.